Using 3D Web Mapping to Model Offshore Archaeology

Ever since I started working in the renewables industry on offshore wind farms over 8yrs ago and had to analyse shipwrecks, I thought about how much more interactive and informative shipwreck analysis would be in 3D. There are many companies out there at the moment who produce the most amazing visualisations, where is the ability to move along a fixed track to view a 2.5D wreck but there is no ability to relate it to anything, no context and normally the cost is extremely high when the data captured is normally geospatial and used within a GIS such as QGIS, ArcGIS or Fledemaus.

Here is an example of the amazing model of the James Eagen Layne created by Fourth Element and the model of the Markgraf Shipwreck by Scapa Flow Wrecks

Please don’t get me wrong, I admire these models and they provide detail and information that would be almost impossible to render in a GIS web map without some serious development and a lot of modelling but technology has progressed. Five years ago I would have said that creating an offshore 3D web map was the thing of dreams, whereas today it is a few clicks of the mouse. Using ESRI software, I was able to combine both terrain and bathymetry, adjust for tide datum differences, import a 3D model and then add links and images to the web map (called a ‘scene’).

The most exciting thing we found in developing this, was the cost and time in implementing such a solution. With the ability to consume data from Sketchup, ESRI 3D Models and even Google Earth models, we can reduce the time which a scene takes to build from weeks to mere hours, the most time consuming part is adding the links & getting the colours nice!! Have a look below at what we created:

[iframe src=”https://cloudciti.es/scenes/SJaI7ZBO/embed&#8221; width=”836″ height=”470″ frameborder=”0″ style=”border: 1px solid whitesmoke” webkitallowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen allowfullscreen></iframe><p><a href=”https://cloudciti.es/SJaI7ZBO”>Wreck of the James Eagen Layne</a> from <a href=”https://cloudciti.es/users/54930bf17b2842080022f175″>Garsdale Design Limited</a> on <a href=”https://cloudcities.io”>CloudCities</a&gt;. ]

The model can be navigated in a similar manner to Google Earth, the model should also be interactive, with the ability to click on areas of the wreck with information returned on the right of the screen. If you look at the bottom left there are a set of icons which I will explain.

Overview of the buttons

Camera Button

 

The camera button, highlighted in green, provides access to the scene bookmarks, click on any of these and the scene will move to the view relating to the text. It will also alter the layers shown to provide the best view (according to the creator)

Animation button

The animation button, highlighted green above, animates the scene by cycling through the bookmarks

Layers buttonThe layers button allows access to the information relayed on the scene. By default, the tidal water is turned off and only one model is shown.

Light Simulation

The light simulation button provides ability to cast shadow and simulate specific times of day. Although not really relevant for an underwater feature, it provides a method for viewing internal features better.

Mobile User Bonus Feature!

For those of you using a mobile device, you will notice one further button:

Cardboard button

Yes, the scene is fully 3D and the viewer fully supports Google Cardboard, so go ahead and have a go!

Future development

This is just the beginning, as you can see this viewer is extremely lightweight and responsive Moving forward, we (Garsdale Design Ltd) are looking to adding further information such as nearby wrecks, more detailed bathymetry, objects which may cause risk such as anchorages and vessel movement in the area. The potential is immense and where this is geographic (hit the map button on the right) you can relate this to a real world location….in future versions we are looking to implementing Admiralty charts and bathymetry maps to view side by side with the site.

Disclaimer

I am not an archaeologist or diver! – Data is sourced from open data sources (Inspire, EA Lidar, Wikipedia) with the exception of the model(s) which were built by myself from images and multibeam data. Photos were obtained from Promare, on the Liberty 70 project – Contains public sector information licensed under the Open Government Licence v3.0, This data is not to be used for navigation or diving.

For further information or to ask how Garsdale Design can assist you, please do not hesitate to contact me.

Pokémon Go leads the AR Revolution

Originally posted on xyHt Magazine 12/7/2016

 

Six months ago when I claimed that augmented reality was the future of GIS and geospatial services and it was met with a few sniggers. This week has seen the arrival of Pokémon Go, one of the most popular games hit the mobile phone market….and yes, it is augmented reality and yes, it is geospatial. It could well be the turning point for many geospatial companies.

pokemongo

What is Pokémon Go?

In case you have been hidden in a cave fro the last 25yrs, Pokémon is a game that first appeared on the Nintendo Gameboy (circa 1995) in which players openly walk around the world and capture mystical creatures (in a white and red ball) which they then train to fight (other creatures) in battle arenas called “gyms”. If their creature (called a Pokémon but there are hundreds of breeds) wins their battle, then they earn a badge. The aim is to collect all the badges. Simple right?

Since the mid 90’s there have been 18 manga books, 19 films and about 17 games….yes, this thing is HUGE. Pokémon Go is the new generation and it was inevitable that it would become a geocaching game.

“Geocaching /ˈˌkæʃɪŋ/ is an outdoor recreational activity, in which participants use a Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver or mobile device and other navigational techniques to hide and seek containers, called “geocaches” or “caches”, anywhere in the world.” – Wikipedia

Pokemon Encounter

Why Pokémonn Go is perfect for AR

Lets look at the concept of the game again, the user walks around the globe looking for Pokémon to capture and then train…..if this isn’t the definition of geocaching then I will eat my shorts (thanks Bart). Though any thoughts that this game was designed as a geocache promotion are quickly quelled when you realise that the first geocache was made around the millennium (by Dave Ulmer, Oregon).

For years we have struggled to get our children interested in mapping and geography not realising that this was sat under our nose the whole time! I ironically, it is all due to an Aprils Fools Day joke in 2014 in which it was claimed that Google had developed an augmented reality app…..Niantic saw that this could be a reality and worked with Google, the rest is history.

How does it work?

After logging into the app for the first time, the player creates their avatar. The player can choose the avatar’s style, hair, skin, and eye color, and can choose from a limited number of outfits. Once the avatar is created, it is displayed at the player’s current location along with a map of the player’s immediate surroundings. Features on the map may include a number of landmarks where Pokémon may be and Pokémon gyms (places where you battle your Pokémon).

As players travel the real world, the avatar moves along the game’s map. Different Pokémon live in different areas of the world; for example, water-type Pokémon are generally found near water. When a player encounters a Pokémon, they may view it either in augmented reality mode or with a pre-rendered background. AR mode uses the camera and gyroscope on the player’s mobile device to display an image of a Pokémon as though it were in the real world. Players can also take pictures, using an in-game camera, of the Pokémon that they encounter both with and without the AR mode activated.

There is a fantastic article on how Google chose the locations for the Pokémon/geocaches here (by Mashable) whereby it explains how safety was the primary concern. Caches were chosen based on open places that had some significance so that players wouldn’t be chasing a Pikachu (a type of Pokémon) across a train track.

Pokemon Batlle

Why will it change geo things?

Already there is a wave of companies looking at how they can use marketing to get a piece of the pie, see this & this, it is evident that people are aware that this is, excuse the pun, a game changer. It really isn’t hard to see that this is going to be popular….so this might well be the turning point for geospatial, AR & VR. If people are comfortable using AR through this game then they will start expecting it for their mapping, bringing back apps like LAYAR which augmented real world information.

AR on Mobile

The applications are immense and exciting for the geospatial industry, the ability to overlay real world issues and information to what the user sees through the camera would be the definitive mapping system. Even if the accuracy isn’t that amazing (mobile GPS – think about it) there is the potential to use clever imagery and presentation to overcome most issues. Imagine sending the worst member of your team to site, with an AR map you could be 90% sure that they would be able to find the correct building over using a 2D map, or think about how easy it could be to identify potential points of weakness or contamination around a site by just looking through your device, all set by someone sat at a desk on the other side of the world.

Of course this is speculation but consider the rise of VR which is now around us, soon we will all be fully immersed watching TV, playing games and riding roller coasters, 3D GIS has seen a rise over the last few years too, with many geospatial providers offering 3D add-ons or 3D alternatives. Furthermore the conferences were rife with talk and demonstration of 3D and VR. Of course all this innovation is led by CEOs and Project Managers who have seen their kid playing with some game and asking that all important question….

“Why can’t our company do that?”

You’d be a fool to think that this is all going to just disappear, the future of geospatial is now, we are seeing the evolution occur in front of our eyes – Just like the late Roger Tomlinson evolved the paper map to digital GIS in the 60’s, we are seeing 2D moving to 3D real world. I am all for it, it will bring new challenges, better accuracy and more interaction with the user…..though I draw the line at Pokemon Go myself.

Dragons8mycat